Quality of Government in Russia’s Regions
In 2011 the Quality of Government Institute (Gothenburg University, Sweden) began a longitudinal project to collect data on the organizational design of public bureaucracies and bureaucratic behavior in the countries of the world – the QoG Expert Survey. The project database can be found on the website of the Institute, the data and is available for researchers worldwide and is frequently used for research published in leading scientific journals.
In 2014 the QoG Institute launched the second edition of the cross-country survey and a similar survey on the quality of government in Russia’s regions - the Expert Survey on the Quality of Government in Russia’s Regions (Russia’s Regions QoG Expert Survey) – in collaboration with the Laboratory for Political Studies at the National Research Institute – Higher School of Economics.
The aim of the Russian project is to document the structural characteristics of public bureaucracy and bureaucratic behavior in Russia’s regions.
The Russia’s` Regions QoG Expert Survey is based on the theoretical and methodological foundations of the QoG Expert Survey. At the same time, the survey was adjusted to the Russian context, resulting in some questions and indeed whole chapters being considerably transformed.
The structure of the questionnaire in the Russian survey is quite similar to its cross-country prototype. There are seven substantive items:
· recruitment and career (12 questions)
· replacement of bureaucrats (3 question)
· terms and conditions of work (5 questions)
· impartiality (3 questions)
· public service provision (7 questions)
· public procurement (2 questions)
· decision-making at the regional level (10 questions)
There are also two technical items: 1) selection of the region of expertise (1 question) and 2) expert demographic profile and self-evaluation (4 questions).
Methodologically the survey is anchored in expert perceptions of the state of affairs in a region’s bureaucracy. Experts were invited to indicate the extent to which these statements correspond to reality in the region of their expertise on a pre-defined scale of answers (1- Hardly ever (Absolutely disagree), 7 – Almost always (Absolutely agree)). The seven-point scale with pre-defined endpoints is utilized for all but two items. The two exceptions are item 2, concerning replacement of public sector employees, and questions 5.5.1 – 5.5.9 of item 5 (public service delivery), where experts are asked to give unprompted quantitative answers.
The experts themselves selected the region of their expertise: a region of birth, workplace or residence. Among experts there are civil and municipal servants, researchers, professors, business representatives, journalists, employees of non-profit organizations.
The Quality of Government Institute (University of Gothenburg, Sweden) in collaboration with the Laboratory of political studies, National research University "Higher school of Economics" (Moscow, Russia) completed the data collection for the project "Quality of governance in Russia’s regions – 2014".
The project is an expert survey. It is aimed at identifying the key characteristics of the organizational structure of the civil service system and the behaviour of civil servants in the regions of Russian Federation.
The survey is based on subjective assessments of 311 carefully selected regional experts. The questionnaire includes 42 questions about the quality of governance (48 indicators at the regional level). Geographical coverage of the survey is 79 regions out of 83 (at the time of the study), while for 64 regions on the questionnaire was filled out by at least three experts.
| Project Manager|
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